When choosing a potato variety, one should focus on the geographical location and climatic conditions of the area where the crop will be planted. You should also consider what kind of crop you want to get - early or late. Consider the most popular varieties of potatoes for the middle Urals - Chelyabinsk region and others.
The best potato varieties for the middle Urals
For the Middle Urals peculiar temperate climate, strong humidity. There are no severe frosts in the area, but summer is also without heat. The average t in winter is -10, -15 degrees, and in summer up to +10, +20. Heat begins at the end of spring and continues until the beginning of autumn. In the Urals, it is better to plant the following varieties.
Early, with a reddish skin of tubers and lemon pulp. It comfortably carries transportation, is famous for its high yield (2kg from a bush). Contains up to 14% starch. The ripening period is 2 months, in the beginning of summer you can try the first new potatoes.
The average weight of a tuber is 100-150 g. With weave up to 250 kg of root crops. It tolerates disease.Governor
Mid-season, brings harvest in the third month of summer. The peel is red, lemon pulp. Resistant to heat and excess moisture. Contains up to 14% starch.
Intended for table use. The ripening period is 90-100 days. Sowing takes place in mid-May. Potato mass 120-140 gr.
Mid-season, you can try new potatoes in mid-July. Fruits reach 100-120 g, the peel is pink-red, the flesh is light beige. Potatoes are well boiled soft due to their high starch content up to 20%. Ripening equal to 90-100 days.
Sredneranny, ripens in 80-90 days. The yield from one weave is 300 kg, up to 20 fruits from a bush. Weight reaches 120-150 gr. Yellow skin. Contains a small amount of starch 10-12%, therefore potatoes do not boil soft during cooking. The variety contains amino acids and trace elements, a large amount of vitamin B.Santa
Mid-season, has a skin of raspberry-red shade. Weight reaches 110-150 gr. Starch in the variety of about 12-15%. Not prone to diseases.Spiridon
Early, young potatoes can be tried 40-50 days after germination. The whole growing season is 65 days. The grade is considered one of the most fruitful. The color of the skin is lemon, the flesh is white.
Early, appears one of the first on sale. The skin is dark lemon-colored, smooth to the touch with reddish eyes. Contains up to 12-14% of starch. The flesh is light, when cooked yellowish. The average weight is 120-150 grams. Harvest climate dependent and soil.Luck
Early, ripens within 60-70 days. Contains a high level of starch 15-17%. It has a pinkish peel, white flesh. Mass 80-160 gr. Poor tolerance to nematode and late blight. Good tolerates heat and drought.Alyona
Early ripe, gives fruit after 1.5 months. The whole period of ripening takes 60-80 days. The skin color is scarlet with pink. The advantage of the variety - the Colorado potato beetle is difficult to cling to the leaves of the plant.
The mass of one 90-150 gr. On the bush up to 10 fruits can form. Productivity from one hectare 150-250kg.
Ultra Early, appeared in 1994 through a 3-species hybrid mutation. The peel is muted citric, the fruit inside is white. Root mass 80-140 gr. Poor tolerates viral diseases and late blight.
With one bush you can get up to 15 tubers. Contains 12-16% starch. Well kept in winter and withstands transportation.Spring white
The first harvest after germination can be obtained on the 50th day. Suitable for long storageresistant to diseases.Vineta
Early, with a smooth pink skin, white inside. Contains up to 15% starch. It tolerates diseases: scab, nematode, cancer. Poorly tolerated fungal and infectious diseases. From one bush receive up to 1.5 kg. Ripens within 60 days.Zhukovsky early
Early, stored for 7 months. The ripening period is 60-80 days. Weight 150 gr. Productivity to 500 kg. The skin is light scarlet, white inside.Lyubava
Early ripe. Ripening period 60-70 days. Yellow skin, white inside. Weight 60-120 g. Contains 12-17% starch. Productivity from 1 weave 350 kg.
Early ripe, with light scarlet skin, creamy inside. Weight is 60-90 grams. Contains 16-18% starch. Maturation term is 50-60 days. The average yield from 1 weave 300 kg. Sort well resistant to potato cancer, parasite, viruses, late blight.Bullfinch
Medium early, oval-round shape. The rind is pink-red, the flesh is creamy, does not darken when cleaning. The average weight of the root is 70-110 grams. May get infected with scab. Full ripening period 70-90 days.
Medium early with dark lemon peel, white inside. Potato mass 70-130 gr. Contains 13-15% starch. Does not get nematode, cancer. There are risks of late blight. Productivity to 270 kg of potatoes.Crown
Sredneranny, gentle lemon shade, inside white. The ripening period is 70-80 days. Weight reaches 90-150g. Well tolerated drought, easily transported, without damage.
Medium early, yellow, white inside. Root mass 80-140 gr. Contains a starch level of 13-15%. With one weave you can collect up to 300 kg of potatoes. Perfectly persists in winter. Resistant to late blight.Oredezh
Medium early, has established itself in the Urals. Tubers weigh 90-120 grams. Potatoes are smooth, reddish skin, white inside. Contains high percentage of starch 19%.
With 1 hundred we can collect up to 300 kg of potatoes. Crop harvested closer to August.Svitanok Kiev
Medium early. The average weight of tubers is 70-130 g. The skin is red with pink eyes, white inside. Up to 25 fruits can be obtained from one bush. The variety prefers loamy and sandy soils. Dislikes excess moisture. Contains 14-17 starch.Fairy tale
Medium early. Lemon-muted shade, white inside. Contains 12-15% starch. The average weight is 80-120 g.
Mid-season, with a maturity of 80-100 days. The roots are light yellow, white inside. The average weight is 70-120 grams. The starch content is 12-14%. Needs protection against late blight when landing.Aspia
Mid-season, with a maturity of 70-95 days. The skin is pink, the flesh is white. The average weight of 100-130g. Contains 12-19% starch. Tubers are rich in proteins, vitamins, amino acids. Good disease resistant.Lugovskoy
Medium late, ripening period 100-110 days. It has a light yellow tint, inside is white. Potatoes weight 80-100 gr. Contain 18-19% starch. Resistant to drought and heat. It tolerates viral diseases, moderately resistant to scab.
Middle late, with a maturity of 100-120 days. Peel of a yellow shade, inside cream. Potatoes weigh 90-120 grams. You can collect up to 1 kg of root crops from the plant.
Sort medium resistant to root rot, late blight, scab. With a lack of calcium and fluorine can be drawn out.Lorch
Medium late. Yellow skin, creamy inside. Contains 15-20% starch. The average weight of the root 70-120 g. When cutting fruits do not darken. Poor late blight, needs protection during planting.Nikulinsky
Types of varieties
You can classify varieties into 4 types:
- Seed. Is seed seed for future potato harvest. Recommended for cultivation at the dacha. They are characterized by the content of 12-17% starch.
- Early. The ripening period is 50-65 days. They are ready to be consumed before anyone else and are divided into subtypes depending on the ripening period: early, early, mid-season.
Early potatoes are good for eating during the summer, because basically it does not tolerate the winter and is not able to store moisture. Differ in fast growth and the short vegetative period.
- Mid-season. The ripening period is 85-95 days. More unpretentious variety and better stored than early. Harvest in early August. It is considered quite unpretentious variety with excellent taste.
Also, potatoes can be distinguished depending on the purpose:
- fodder. The root is large in size and contains a large amount of protein;
- food. It is sowed on the state fields for sales and the use in state institutions;
- technical. Used for the preparation of alcohol products;
- universal. It has a wide range of uses.
The future harvest depends on the choice of potato varieties; therefore, you should be attentive to planting seeds. This is especially true of the Middle Urals, where the climate is not as stable as in the south. You have a rich harvest!