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8 of the best fruit shrubs for the garden

In the hands of caring gardeners, berry bushes can become a real decoration of the site. With love, grown fruits will delight you with a tasty harvest throughout the season.

Fruit trees and berry bushes for the garden

Arrangement of the garden plot is not complete without fruit shrubs and trees. In the garden with beautiful landscape design there should be a place for berry bushes: raspberries, gooseberries, currants, sea buckthorn, honeysuckle, blackberries, blueberries, shadberries. We offer you an overview of the most popular shrubs.

Raspberries

Surely you have heard about the wonderful properties of raspberry. It is difficult to imagine that raspberry bushes used to grow exclusively in the forests. And only a few centuries later it began to breed in the garden plots. Raspberry has a lot of advantages, it is simply necessary in the garden. Shrubs, depending on the variety, have red berries, less often yellow and purple-black.

Raspberry species

  • Traditional varieties of early, middle and late maturation. Adapt to any conditions. The disadvantage is low yield.
  • Large fruits are considered high-yielding. Allowed to grow berries weighing up to 12 grams each.
  • The most popular are remontants. Fruiting begin in the first year.
Fresh juicy raspberries

Peculiarities of care

Berry shrub requires regular watering, loosening and fertilizing. Landing is made in spring or autumn. In winter, the soil around the bush is insulated. In the spring it is necessary to make pruning and garter. All of the above measures will be useless if you do not protect the shrub from diseases.

Harvest in gloves, as the bushes of many varieties have thorns on the twigs.

Gooseberry

Gooseberries are often called northern grapes or Russian cherry plum. Unpretentious culture gives good yields. Bushes feel great on the lighted areas. They are afraid of the shade and waterlogging. You can find gooseberries in almost all regions. Bushes begin to bear fruit from the third year. Berries can be green, yellow or reddish brown. There are at least 1500 varieties

Unlike currants, gooseberries are not afraid of drought.

Gooseberry Varieties

  • European varieties - praise for high taste. The disadvantage is the instability to diseases and frosts.
  • American - are not afraid of drought, give a good harvest. Largest berries are inferior to European varieties.
  • Hybrid - combine in themselves all the best. On the garden plots are considered the most common.

Peculiarities of care

Gooseberry does not tolerate acidic soils, it is recommended to add garden compost, lime to the trench for planting. Planted bushes in September. When spring planting plant may die. Old and dry branches must be trimmed. Collect gooseberry berries as they ripen. Because of the thorns on the branches to do it better with gloves.

Red gooseberry fruit

Blackberry

In the garden, blackberries are grown relatively recently, before it could be found only in the wild.

For healing properties and taste, it surpassed raspberries. The shrub with a perennial rhizome was not in demand because of the sharp thorns. However, thanks to the breeders appeared varieties without thorns. It has external similarity with raspberry black color. It tastes sour.

Blackberry Varieties

  • Straight BlackBerry - considered the most common. Bushes give a good harvest and save space on the site.
  • Semi-vegetative varieties - extremely rare. Experienced gardeners recommend planting this particular variety.
  • Blackberry Repairman - allows you to harvest 2 crops for the season: June, August.

Peculiarities of care

The rich harvest gives a well-fed land. In straight-growing varieties, young stems must be tied up. Blackberry planting is carried out in a trench strictly along the line, otherwise care may arise. During the fruiting period, the bushes need to be watered abundantly.

Juicy blackberries ready to harvest

Honeysuckle

Edible varieties of honeysuckle in the people are often called "rejuvenating berries." The name did not appear by chance, as the berries contain an element of youth - selenium. Shrubs bloom beautifully, so they are often used for decorative purposes. However, to a large extent, the berry is valued as a useful storehouse of vitamins.

Lasts in the middle of May. Berry has a slightly bitter peculiar taste.

Honeysuckle species

  • Long honeysuckle - sredneroslye bushes differ cylindrical shape of berries.
  • Hybrid varieties - bred by breeding by crossing varieties of berries.
  • Middle-late varieties - allow you to get honeysuckle crop until late autumn.

Peculiarities of care

Shrubs do not tolerate shade. When choosing a place for landing it is better to give preference to sunny places. Suitable for planting, both in autumn and spring. In spring, this should be done before the growing season. Honeysuckle grows slowly, so that the bush is rooted and well fruited, it is fed.

Shrubs aged 6-8 years require sanitary pruning. Need to remove dried branches. Young shoots do not need to be cut.

Honeysuckle berries on the bush

Currant

Perennial currant bushes can be found in gardens and forest plantations. Berries are famous for their taste and beneficial properties. Unpretentious care bushes allow you to collect rich harvests. To select one single variety for the site is almost impossible. The best option would be the cultivation of several species. Seedlings adequately overcome the harsh cataclysms of nature in a cold winter.

Currant Varieties

  • Black currant of early, middle and late maturity. The most popular are the large-fruited varieties.
  • Red currant - differs in more weighty clusters. Bushes can grow without a transplant of up to 20 years.
  • White currant - variety to taste and benefit is not inferior to red.
  • Hybrid varieties - bred by breeding varieties of gooseberry and currant.

Peculiarities of care

Gives a good harvest in drained soil. Can not be planted in an acidic environment. Soil loosening is required during the growing season. Do not allow the soil to dry out, in dry weather it is necessary to ensure watering.

In the autumn you need to rejuvenate the bushes by pruning obsolete branches.
Black Currant Harvest

Blueberry

In many regions, it is considered a rare growing berry. More often it can be found in the wild. Among gardeners, there is a growing interest in growing promising varieties on their plots. With proper care, you can have a good harvest of useful berries.

Blueberry berries look like blueberries.

Blueberry Varieties

  • Tall varieties - feel good as a hedge. The bushes are branched, their berries are intense, blue or blue.
  • Low-growing blueberries - blooms luxuriantly in spring, pleases with excellent yields and trim bushes.
  • Southern varieties - were eaten by hybridization for growing in arid climate.

Peculiarities of care

At home, it is better to grow not wild, but more adapted cultivated varieties. Shrubs well take root, regardless of the method of planting seeds or dividing the bush. Pruning is carried out on adult bushes, starting from 5-6 years of plant life.

Blueberries are very whimsical to the soil, it needs to create fertile conditions.
Bunch of blueberry berries

Sea buckthorn

Sea-buckthorn bushes can be found near water bodies, which is why they are often called the “sea thorn”. Experienced gardeners succeed in growing it in their plots. The use of berries is very wide, they are mainly used for medicinal purposes. Especially valuable is sea buckthorn oil.

Sea buckthorn species

  • Early, medium and late ripening - garden buckthorn varieties.
  • Botanical variety - practically has no spines.
  • Large-fruited varieties - sweeter in taste, do not have spines.

Peculiarities of care

The bush will bear fruit if a male and a sea buckthorn specimen is planted next to it.. For the winter, it requires shelter for the soil; it tolerates very hard frost. Pruning is carried out in the spring. Bush age 8-12 years requires rejuvenation under the stump. Watering the plant is not necessary, except in a drought.

Harvested sea buckthorn berries

Irga

A beautiful plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. And only a few know how useful berries grow on it. Having once tasted the irgi berries, the gardener will definitely want to plant a bush in his area. The plant is not only useful, but also winter-hardy, it withstands severe weather conditions.

To taste berries irgi something reminiscent of cherries.

Varieties irgi

  • Redhead Irga is a shrub richly blooming in spring. In autumn, the leaves turn a bright color. Up to 10 kg of berries can be obtained from a plant.
  • Canadian shadberry is a tall tree shrub. The berries are fleshy and pleasant to taste.
  • Irga is blood-red - slender srednerosly shrub. The berries are very juicy, with a thin delicate skin.

Peculiarities of care

It is considered an unpretentious plant, practically does not require maintenance. Shrubs love abundant watering, especially during the growing season.

The first 2-3 years it is necessary to cut a bush by cutting. At a later age, the plant is rejuvenated.

Berries attract birds, the crop needs to be cleaned in a timely manner as they ripen.

Basket with irga

Thanks to the planting of several varieties of shrubs, you can diversify the range of fruit seedlings in the garden. Regarding the choice of plants, it is so great that with confidence something advise will not work. Species and varieties must be selected according to the individual characteristics of the plants.